The National Museum was founded by a decree of the Minister of Education Jovan Sterija Popovic on May 10, 1844 as Serbian Museum (Muzeum serbski) whose purpose was to collect antiquities in one place and to safeguard them for posterity. In the first decades of its work it was organised as an institution of protection but also as a scientific and research institution that constituted the national identity and was a crucial participant in the development of heritage protection. The National Museum soon grew into an official representative of the state and the society, testifying to a possible strength of culture and museums in Serbia.
The Ethnographic Museum in Belgrade was founded in 1901 and it is one of the oldest on the Balkans.Entographic museum The museum collections currently contain about 200,000 items, 56,000 of which are ethnographic objects.The museum has been dedicated to professional collecting and the study of museum objects and ethnogenetic processes, traditional material culture, social relations and family life, customs, beliefs and folklore. It has also been involved in the study of the features of Serbian culture, as well as those of other ethnic groups living within the region.The EthnographicMuseum in Belgrade organizes temporary and permanent exhibitions.
The House of flowers and The Museum of Yugoslav history
The House of Flowers was built in 1975, designed by architect Stjepan Kralj as a winter garden with a total of 902 m2 of work and leisure space for Josip Broz, close to his Residence. It comprises a central flower garden between two parallel utility spaces. Opposite the entrance is an open terrace overlooking Belgrade. In accordance with his wishes, Tito’s body was interred in the central flower garden in 1980. The Museum of Yugoslav History was founded in 1996 as a successor to the Memorial Centre “Josip Broz Tito” and the Museum of the Revolution of Yugoslav Nations and Ethnic Minorities. It has a collection of more than 200 000 items that illustrate Yugoslav history throughout 20th century, with the special accent on life and work of Josip Broz Tito.
Nikola Tesla museum
Nikola Tesla Museum is located in the central area of Belgrade, in a residential villa built in 1929 according to the project of Dragiša Brašovan, a distinguished Serbian architect. Nikola Tesla Museum is a unique institution of science and culture in Serbia and in the world. It is the only museum in the world which preserves the original and personal inheritance of Nikola Tesla. It possesses several exceptionally valuable collections: above 160 000 original documents,above 2000 books and journals, above 1200 historical technical exhibits, above 1500 photographs and photo plates of original, technical objects, instruments and apparatus, above 1000 plans and drawings. A particular role of the Museum is the organization, support and promotion of the investigations from the history of science.
The Automobile Museum, Bratislav Petkovic Collection, is the newest in a series of technical museums in Serbia. The Museum was founded by the Assembly of the City of Belgrade and Bratislav Petkovic, the collector and owner of a collection comprising historically valuable cars and arhive material on the domestic history of motoring.The founder of the museum cars Bratislav Petkovic has a collection of about 100 vehicles, half of which are located within the museum building. The collection includes old and rare automobiles, which are particularly important for studying the development and advancement of automotive technology at home and abroad, as well as the history of motorsports in the region in the twentieth century.
The oldest car is a Marot – Gardon, France, from 1897.
The museum owns the ancillary equipment: loaders, horns, lanterns, radios, tools, driver’s licenses, posters, commercial advertising, license plates, parking meters, the first traffic regulations and laws. The museum also contains a collection of photographs, documents, old tools and equipment, as well as a library with thousands of titles, a showcase of personal belongings Sretena Kostic, the first driver in Serbia and old gas stations, among which is the pump “When a blind driver” from the 30s of the last century.